Hours later, Israel responds with airstrikes against Palestinian groups in Gaza

Photo: Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images

JERUSALEM—Militants fired dozens of rockets from Lebanon into Israel on Thursday, a rare escalation that the Israeli army responded to hours later with a wave of airstrikes against Palestinian groups in Gaza that it held responsible for the barrage.

The unusual burst of violence from Lebanon sparked fears of a broader conflict between Israel and its neighbors during a period of high tension over one of Jerusalem’s holiest sites. Military analysts said the rocket attack was the largest since 2006, when Israel and the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah fought a 34-day war.

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